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Dictionary Of Islam: Islamic Glossary

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Ta'abbud ()
Special act of worship; obedience, bondage to Allah, "recourse only to what the lawgiver has determined." (ash shatibi). "non-intelligibility of meaning." (ash-shatibi). (t.p)

Ta'arruf ()
"Defining the school of the people of self-purification", a book by al-kalabadhi (d. 390/1000), translated as doctrine of the sufis. this book played a great role in winning recognition of sufism within islam. in this sense, he was a precursor of al-ghazali. (t.p)

Ta'awwudh ()
Saying "i seek refuge with Allah..." (a `udhu billdhi min ash-shaytan ar-rajim). (t.p)

Ta'dib ()
Reprimand. (t.p)

Ta'diya ()
Transferability of the `illa. it must have an objective quality which can be applied to other cases (e.g. the principle of 'intoxication' can be transferred from wine to other intoxicating substances.)(t.p)

Ta'diya ()
Transferrability. (t.p)

Ta'ifa ()
(Plural tawa'if) a group of pupils with a shaykh. (t.p)

Ta'rid ()
Allusion by way of euphemism or circumspection. (t.p)

Ta'rikh ()
Era, chronology, history. (t.p)

Ta'wil ()
Allegorical interpretation. (t.p)

Ta'wil ()
Allegorical interpretation. (t.p)

Ta'wil ()
Allegorical interpretation. (t.p)

Ta'ziya ()
Shiite performance of `mourning' for the death of husayn. tha'r: blood revenge. (t.p)

Ta`a ()
Obedience to Allah. (the opposite is ma `siya, disobedience.)(t.p)

Ta`addi ()
Violation of trust. (t.p)

Ta`addi ()
Violation of trust; delict. (t.p)

Ta`ala ()
"Exalted is he", an expression used after the name of Allah is mentioned. (t.p)

Ta`arud ()
Conflict of evidence. (t.p)

Ta`arud ()
Conflict, when two pieces of evidence of equal strength conflict and appear to cancel each other out. (t.p)

Ta`lil ()
Determination by the cause of command by logical and linguistic analysis. (t.p)

Ta`til ()
Negation, the concept of denying Allah all attributes. (t.p)

Ta`til ()
Negation, the concept of denying Allah all attributes. (t.p)

Ta`wil ()
Interpretation, allegorical interpretation. (t.p)

Ta`yin ()
Specifying, naming, identifying. (t.p)

Ta`zir ()
Deterrence, discretionary penalty determined by the qadi. (t.p)

Taba''ud ()
The concept of divisibility. in relation to belief, it regards belief as a combination of several qualities. (t.p)

Tabaddul ()
"Tabaddul al- `alam ma' al-anfus ", the transformation of the world with each breath, meaning that at every single moment, the entire universe emerges anew. this is similar to the expression "tajdid al-khalq" or "renewal of creation", in which the universe is created anew in every instant. (see nafas ar-rahman). (t.p)

Tabaqat ()
Chronicles, biographies arranged according to generations. (t.p)

Tabaqat as-sufiyya ()
"Biographies of the sufis", `abdu'r-rahman as-sulami's (d. 412/1021) biographical account of the sufis. (t.p)

Tabaraka'llah ()
The formula "blessed is Allah". (t.p)

Tabdil ()
Substitution, replacement of an old custom with a new one. (t.p)

Tabi'a ()
Nature, natural constitution, the aggregate of the natural constituent parts of something. (t.p)

Tabi-a ()
Nature. (t.p)

Tabi`iin ()
The followers, the second generation of the early muslims who did not meet the prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, but who learned the din of islam from his companions. (t.p)

Tabi`u't-tabi'in ()
The generation after the tabi'un, who did not meet any of the companions. (t.p)

Tabi`u't-tabi`in ()
"Followers of the followers", the generation after the tabi`un who did not meet any of the companions. tafsir: commentary and explanation of the meanings of the qur'an. taghnt: covers a wide range of meanings: it means anything worshipped other than the real god (Allah), i.e. all the false deities. it may be shaytan, devils, idols, stones, sun, stars, angels, human beings e.g. jesus or other messengers of Allah, who were falsely worshipped and taken as objects of worship. (t.p)

Tabi`un ()
The followers, the second generation of the early muslims who did not meet the prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, but who learned the din of islam from his companions. (t.p)

Tabut ()
The ark of the covenant. (t.p)

Tadbir ()
A contract given by a master to a slave whereby the slave will be freed after the master dies. tadbir also means management, direction. (t.p)

Tadbir ()
Management, planning; to study, consider and comprehend something and then act accordingly. (t.p)

Tadhkirat al-awliya' ()
"Memorial of the saints", by `attar (d. 638/1230), a collection of the biographies of the saints. (t.p)

Tadlis ()
Describes an isnad in which a reporter has concealed the identity of his shaykh. there is tadlis al-isnad where he reports from a shaykh whom he did not hear directly in a manner which suggests that he heard the hadith in person. there is tadlis ash-shuyukh in which the shaykh is not mentioned by name, but by a nickname or alias in order to conceal the shaykh's identity. there is tadlis attasqiya in which a trustworthy person relates from a weak person from a trustworthy person and the transmitter deletes the weak link. (t.p)

Tadmin ()
Liability. (t.p)

Tadrib ar-rawi ()
By as-suyuti (d. 911/1505), the classic commentary on the sciences of hadith. it is an extensive commentary on the taghrib of an-nawawi. (t.p)

Tadwir ()
Medium speed recitation of qur'an. (t.p)

Tafadul ()
Difference in degrees, thus giving preference to one over another. (t.p)

Tafakkur ()
Pondering, reflection. (t.p)

Tafra ()
"The leap", the view originated from the mu'tazilite an-nazzam that a body could move from point a to point b without passing by the intermediary point b. (t.p)

Tafrid ()
Inward solitude, isolation, the experience of tawhid rather than simple knowledge of it. (t.p)

Tafriqa ()
See farq. (t.p)

Tafsir ()
Commentary of explanation of the meanings of the qur' an. firstly there is tafsir bi'l-ma'thur (tafsir by what has been transmitted, as is seen in the tafsir of ibn kathir), which conveys past opinions and secondly tafsir bi'l-ma `qul wa bi'd-daraya (tafsir by logic and comprehension), which involves interpretation. the second form of tafsir is further divided into at-tafsir al-lughawi (linguistic tafsir as in al-kashshaf); at-ta'wil, falsafa wa't-tasawwuf (allegorical, philosophical and sufic like mafatih al-ghayb of ar-razi); al-isra'iliyat (based on jewish sources, like tafsir ibn hayyan); tafsir ayat alahkam (verses which contains judgements (like ahkam al- qur 'an by ibn al-'arabi); tafsir ar-riwaya wa'd-daraya (commentary through narration and proof like tafsir ibn kathir), and tafsir bi'r-ra'y, based on individual interpretation. (t.p)

Tafsir (tuf-seer)
Any kind of explanation, but especially a commentary on the Qur'an. Translations of the Qur'an from Arabic into other languages such as Spanish, Urdu, or English are considered tafsirs of the Qur'an, since only the original Arabic text actually constitutes the content of the Qur'an. (c.i.e)

Tafsir al-jalalayn ()
"Commentary of the two jalals," jalal ad-din as-suyuti's (d. 911/1505) completion of the tafsir of his teacher, jalal ad-din al-mahalli (d. 863/1459). a paraphrase of the text of the qur'an with linguistic explanations and material from hadith and variants. it is also known as al-itqan fi 'ulum at-tafsir ("the perfection of the sciences of tafsir"). (t.p)

Tafsir al-qur'an ()
By ibn kathir, a synopsis of earlier material in an accessible form, which made it popular. he relies totally on hadith material without any opinion of his own. (t.p)

Tafsir at-tabari ()
Its actual title is jami' al-bayan. at-tabari's commentary on the qur'an is a compendium of earlier interpretations with his own opinions interspersed. it is valued but very large (thirty volumes). (t.p)

Tafwid ()
Delegation of authority, proxy. (t.p)

Tafwid ()
Handing over management of one's affairs to Allah, realising that one is not really in charge, similar to isqat at-tadbir. (t.p)

Tafwid ()
Delegation of authority, proxy. (t.p)

Taghyir ()
Change and difference in customs. (t.p)

Tagsir ()
Personal fault or negligence. (t.p)

Tahaddi ()
The challenge issued to people to compose something like the qur' an. no one has been able to do so. (t.p)

Tahajjud ()
Voluntary prayers performed at night between 'isha' and fajr. (t.p)

Tahajjud ()
the Tahajjud prayer is an optional prayer that is supposed to be performed in the middle of the night. It is required that a person sleep a little before he gets up for the Tahajjud prayer. It can be performed anytime between Isha and Fajr.
(c.m.j.e)

Tahajjud ()
Voluntary prayers performed at night between `isha' and fajr. (t.p)

Tahakkum ()
A ruling control over some things given to some people through the force of their himma. (t.p)

Tahalli ()
Imitation of praiseworthy people in word and deed. (t.p)

Tahara ()
Purification, purity. (t.p)

Tahara ()
Purification, purity. (t.p)

Tahdhib ()
Refining and improving character. (t.p)

Tahdhib al-ahkam ()
By Muhammad b. al-hasan at-tusi (385/995 - 460/1068) it contains 13,590 hadiths and is one of the main shiite collections. (t.p)

Tahir ()
Pure. (t.p)

Tahiyat al-masjid ()
"The greeting of the mosque", two rak `ats which are prayed on entering a mosque. (t.p)

Tahlil ()
An intervening marriage contracted for the sole purpose of legalising remarriage between a divorced couple; saying, "la ilaha illa'llah ", "there is no god but Allah". (see muhallil). (t.p)

Tahmid ()
Saying the expression "al-hamdu lillah ", "praise belongs to Allah". (t.p)

Tahnik ()
The islamic customary process of chewing a piece of date and putting a part of its juice in a newborn child's mouth and calling the adhdn softly in the child's ears, etc. (t.p)

Tahqiq ()
Realisation, when someone sees the face of Allah in everything and gives everything its rightful due (haqq). (t.p)

Tahqiq al-manat ()
Refinement of the basis of the ruling. (t.p)

Tahrif ()
Distortion, perversion of the meaning of something or misconstruing it, also altering the pronunciation of a word to alter its meaning. (t.p)

Tahrif ()
Distortion, modification of an original text; what has happened to the original teachings of musa and `isa. (t.p)

Tahsil ()
Actualising, obtaining. (t.p)

Tahsiniya ()
(Plural tahstnat) a grade of maslaha, "to adopt what conforms to the best of practice, to avoid such manners as are disliked by the wise people." (ash-shatibi). (t.p)

Tajalli ()
Self-manifestation, prescencing, self-disclosing, the unveiling of a spiritual reality in the realm of vision, a showing forth of the secrets of the one in existence. (t.p)

Tajdid al-khalq ()
The renewal of creation at every instant. (see tabaddul). (t.p)

Tajriba ()
Empirical experience. (t.p)

Tajrid ()
Disengagement, outward separation, stripping away, pure detachment from the world, abandoning the desires and things of this world and being unconcerned with the rewards of the next world. (t.p)

Tajweed ()
It is a saying or an act of reciting Al-Qur'an in accordance with the established rules of Nutq, pronunciation and intonations, such as tafkheem, velarization, Ghunnah, chanting, and Iqlaab, transposition.
(c.m.j.e)

Tajwid ()
The art of reciting the qur'an, giving each consonant its full value. (t.p)

Tajzi'a ()
The division of ijtihad into different categories (see under ijtihad). (t.p)

Takafu' ()
Principle of proportionality in maliki partnership law requiring the distribution of profit and liability to correspond to the distribu tion of the various components constituting the investment. (t.p)

Takaful ()
Mutual responsibility, mutual guarantee, the muslim answer to insurance in which money is pooled and invested. (t.p)

Takaful ()
Islamic Insurance. A scheme of mutual support that provides insurance to individuals against hazards of falling into unexpected and dire need. (i.i.q)

Takalif `ayniya ()
Specific individual obligations. (t.p)

Takalif kifa'iya ()
General societal obligations. (t.p)

Takattuf ()
Another term for qabd. most shi'a call it takfir (covering) and claim that it is haram. (t.p)

Takbir ()
Saying "Allahu akbar", "Allah is greater". (t.p)

Takbir (tuck-beer)
See "Allahu Akbar." (c.i.e)

Takbir ()
Saying "Allahu akbar," "Allah is greater". (t.p)

Takbir al-ihram ()
The takbir which begins the prayer. (t.p)

Takfir ()
To declare that someone is a kafir or unbeliever. (t.p)

Takfir ()
To declare that someone is a kafir. a practice introduced by the kharijites. (t.p)

Takhalli ()
Relinquishment, turning away from distractions which prevent a person from reaching his goal. (t.p)

Takhfif ()
Alleviation, laxity, commutation. (t.p)

Takhlis ()
Cleansing one's soul of relations with anything other than Allah. (t.p)

Takhnun ()
Speculation, conjecture. (t.p)

Takhrij ()
Extrapolation. (t.p)

Takhrij al-manat ()
Deduction of the basis of a ruling. (t.p)

Takhsis ()
Enhanced degree of specification. (t.p)

Takhyir ()
Choosing between two or more alternatives. (t.p)

Takiyya ()
Place of religious retreat, sanctuary. in turkish, it becomes tekke or durgah. (t.p)

Taklif ()
Liability, obligation. (t.p)

Taklif ma la yutaq ()
Impossible obligation. (t.p)

Takmili ()
Complementary. (t.p)

Takrar ()
Repetition. (t.p)

Takwin ()
Bringing into being; causing something to become manifest in existence through the divine command, "be!"(t.p)

Talaq ()
Divorce. (t.p)

Talaq (talagh (Urdu))
Divorce(o.s)

Talaq ()
Divorce. (t.p)

Talaq al-ba'in ()
Final irrevocable divorce. (t.p)

Talaq ar-raj`i ()
A divorce which can be revoked (e.g. the first or second pronouncement). (t.p)

Talaqqi ()
Receiving and taking what comes to you from Allah. (t.p)

Talaqqi as-sila' ()
Going outside the town to buy goods before they arrive which leads to artificially high prices. it is forbidden. (t.p)

Talbis ()
The appearance of a thing when its appearance is contrary to its reality, as in the qur'an (6:9). the good can conceal the bad or vice versa. (t.p)

Talbiya ()
A special prayer/call that Muslims pilgrims make during Hajj. (i.i.q)

Talbiya ()
Saying "labbayk" ("at your service") during the hajj. (t.p)

Talbiya ()
Saying "labbayk" ("at your service") during the hajj. (t.p)

Talbiyah (tul-bee-yah Talbiya)
The name for the set of phrases attributed to Prophet Abraham and uttered by Muslims in emulation of him during the annual Hajj. This is the central, ritual recitation of the pilgrimage, recited from the moment pilgrims don the ihram, the pilgrim's plain white attire. One of the phrases of the talbiyah is "Here I am, Oh Lord, at Thy service. Here I am!" (c.i.e)

Talfiq ()
Legal eclecticism, picking different judgements from different schools. (t.p)

Talfis ()
Bankruptcy. (t.p)

Talib ()
A seeker of Allah. (t.p)

Talib ()
A seeker of knowledge, a student. (t.p)

Talqin ()
Instruction. this is the term used for instructing the dead in what to say in the grave, when questioned by munkar and nakir. (t.p)

Talut ()
The israelite king saul. (t.p)

Talwin ()
Change and turning from one state to another. (t.p)

Tamattu' ()
A form of hajj. (t.p)

Tamattu' ()
A form of hajj in which 'umra is done first, and then the hajj comes out of ihram before going back into ihram for the hajj itself. (t.p)

Tamattu' (Hajj) ()
"Interrupted Hajj". Umra, followed by Hajj, but taking off the Ihram in between these two stages. (i.i.q)

Tameen ()
Another name for Takaful. (i.i.q)

Tamjid ()
Glorifying Allah. (t.p)

Tamkin ()
Fixity, the state of the people of trial. it is the removal of talwin. all that is other than Allah has been removed from his mind and so he does not vacillate. (t.p)

Tamr ()
means dates.
(c.m.j.e)

Tams ()
Negation of a substance of which some trace is left. (t.p)

Tan'im ()
A place towards the north of makka outside the sanctuary from where makkans may assume the state of ihram to perform 'umra and hajj. (t.p)

Tanasukh ()
Metempsychosis. (t.p)

Tanazzulat ()
Descensions, the gradual descent of illumination; instances of "descents" of the one essence into a manifestation within the sensible world. amazingly this descent both reveals and hides the one essence. (t.p)

Tanfidh ()
Implementation, execution. (t.p)

Tanfidh ()
Implementation, execution. (t.p)

Tanjim ()
Graduality of revelation as it is revealed in stages. (t.p)

Tanqih al-manat ()
Refinement of the basis of the ruling. (t.p)

Tanwin ()
Nunnation. (t.p)

Tanwin ()
Nunnation (gramm.)(t.p)

Tanzih ()
Transcendence, disconnecting Allah from creation. the opposite of tashbih. (t.p)

Tanzih ()
Transcendence, disconnecting Allah from creation. the opposite of tashbih. there are three categories of disconnection: the tanzih of the shad'a, which the common understand as disconnecting partners from divinity; the tanzih of the intellect, which the elite understand is to disconnect the real from being described by possibility; the tanzih of unveiling which is to contemplate the presence of the absolute essence. (t.p)

Tanzil ()
"Sending down", revelation. (t.p)

Tanzil ()
"Sending down", revelation. (t.p)

Taqallub ()
The constant change and transformation of the heart. (t.p)

Taqdim wa ta'khir ()
"Advancing and delaying"; a common rhetorical device in the qur'an in which the normal order is reversed with what should come last coming first, transposition. grammatically this figure of speech is called a hysteron proteron. (see maqlab). (t.p)

Taqdir ()
Restoring the full meaning of the text by holding certain 'missing' words to be 'understood'. (t.p)

Taqdir ()
Restoring the full meaning of the text by holding certain words to be `understood'. (t.p)

Taqdiri ()
Hypothetical. (t.p)

Taqiya (Taqiyya )
Concealment of one's views to escape persecution. (t.p)

Taqiyya (Taqiya)
The root of word "Taqiyya" is "Taqi" which literally means to protect. The concept of Taqiyya was developed in the context of war. To protect oneself a Muslim prisoner of war was allowed to say anything to his/her captives to safeguard their life. This was to distinguish between the sin of lying and the necessity of saying a lie to save ones life in the face of mortal danger. Later this concept was adopted by some minority Muslim sects who felt under threat by the Muslim majority at that time. (o.s)

Taqlid ()
Imitation; following the opinion of a mujtahid without considering the evidence (dalil). (t.p)

Taqlid ()
Garlanding sacrificial animals for the hajj. (cf. qilada). (t.p)

Taqrib ()
Drawing near, one of the attributes of things in-time because they accept drawing-near and its opposite. the real is the "near". (t.p)

Taqwa ()
Awe or fear of Allah, which inspires a person to be on guard against wrong action and eager for actions which please him. (t.p)

Taqwa ()
the love and fear that a Muslim feels for Allah. A person with taqwa desires to be in the good pleasures of Allah and to stay away from those things that would displease Allah. He is careful not to go beyond the bouds and limits set by Allah.
(c.m.j.e)

Taqwa (tuck-waa)
Condition of piety and God-consciousness that all Muslims aspire to achieve or maintain. It can be said that one's taqwa is a measure of one's faith and commitment to God. (c.i.e)

Taqwa ()
Awe or fear of Allah, which inspires a person to be on guard against wrong action and eager for actions which please him,(t.p)

Taqwa ()
Fearful awareness of Allah and acting accordingly. (t.p)

Tarabbus ()
Waiting, observing. (t.p)

Taraqqi ()
Rising through states, stations and knowledges. (t.p)

Tarawih (Taraweeh)
Special prayers at night during ramadan. (t.p)

Tarbiya ()
Education. (t.p)

Tard ()
Examination of a problem from all sides. (t.p)

Tardiya ()
Saying one of the expressions which begin "radiya'llahu..."(t.p)

Tariq ()
(Plural turuq) one of the transmissions of a particular riwaya. (t.p)

Tariqa ()
The way, the path. (t.p)

Tarji` ()
Repeating the shahada in the adhan in a loud voice after first saying it in a low voice. (t.p)

Tarjih ()
Preponderance, a process only exercised by the most qualified jurists. (t.p)

Tarjih al-adilla ()
Weighing probative evidence. (t.p)

Tarjuman ()
Translator. (t.p)

Tarjuman al-ashwaq ()
"Translator of yearnings", a collection of poetry by ibn al-'arabi (d. 638/1240). (t.p)

Tark al-huzuz ()
Forgoing lawful rights. (t.p)

Tark at-tark ()
"Quitting quitting", complete surrender, forgetting everything. the struggle is not to struggle. (t.p)

Tarteel ()
Chanting Al-Qur'an; the Prophet has recommended it saying: Whoever does not chant the Qur'an is not among us. (Abudaawuud).
(c.m.j.e)

Tartib ()
Proper sequence of actions in the prayer, wudu', hajj or any other act of worship. (t.p)

Tartib al-adilla ()
Arrangement of proofs in order of strength. (t.p)

Tartib an-nuzul ()
The order of revelation. (t.p)

Tartib at-tilawa ()
The order of recitation. (t.p)

Tartil ()
Slow recitation of the qur' an. (t.p)

Tarwiya ()
"Drawing water", the 8th of dhu'l-hijja, the day before 'arafa when the pilgrims gather water and stay overnight at mina. (t.p)

Tasarruf ()
Free disposal, personal initiative. ibn `arabi says it is the control exerted by the himma to effect changes in the external world. (t.p)

Tasarruf ()
Free disposal, personal initiative, discretionary action. (t.p)

Tasarrufat fi`liya ()
Torts (offences and technical offences). (t.p)

Tasarrufat qawliya ()
Legal transactions (contracts and unilateral transactions). (t.p)

Tasawwuf ()
Sufism, the science of the journey to the king. (t.p)

Tasawwuf ()
Sufism. (t.p)

Tasbih ()
Glorification; also prayer beads. (t.p)

Tasbih ()
Glorification, saying "subhanAllah ", "glory be to Allah". (t.p)

Tashahhud ()
Lit. to make shahada. in the context of the prayer, it is a formula which includes the shahada and is said in the final sitting position of each two rak'at cycle. (t.p)

Tashbih ()
The recognition that although nothing can be associated withAllah, nevertheless Allah participates in the world of forms, e.g. see ing is his and hearing is his. (t.p)

Tashbih ()
Anthropomorphism, comparing or connecting Allah to created things or making Allah resemble created things. opposite of tanzih. (t.p)

Tashdid ()
Doubled consonant. (t.p)

Tashif ()
Inadvertently altering the sense of the text by having misread the text. (t.p)

Tashih ()
Rectification, multiplying the number of shares by the number of heirs to avoid fractions. (t.p)

Tashil ()
Convenience, facilitation. (t.p)

Tashim ()
The name of a fountain in paradise. (t.p)

Tashmit ()
Uttering a prayer for the sneezer which takes the form, `yarhamuk Allah ", "may Allah have mercy on you."(t.p)

Tashriq ()
"Drying meat in the sun", the days of the 10th, 11th, 12th and 13th of dhu'l-hijja when the pilgrims sacrifice their animals and stone the jamras at mina. (t.p)

Taslim ()
The greeting, "as-salamu 'alaykum.". it terminates the prayer. (t.p)

Taslim (tus-leem)
Name for the greeting of Muslims, "As-Salaam Alaykum," meaning "Peace be unto you." The taslim is also used at the completion of the ritual worship performed five times daily. (c.i.e)

Tatawwu' ()
Voluntary. (t.p)

Tatawwu' ()
Voluntary; supererogatory. (t.p)

Tatbiq ()
Parallelism. (t.p)

Tauhid (TAUHEED)
confirming the Oneness of Allah. It is the basis of Islam.
(c.m.j.e)

Tawadu` ()
Humility. (t.p)

Tawadu` ()
Humility. (t.p)

Tawaf ()
Circumambulation of the ka'ba, done in sets of seven circuits. (t.p)

Tawaf ()
the circumfering of the Ka'bah seven times. People usually do this during Umrah or Hajj.
(c.m.j.e)

Tawaf ()
The circling of the Holy Ka'aba. Tawaf is done in sets of seven circuits, after each of which it is necessary to pray two Rak'at, preferably at or near the Maqaam al-Ibrahim. (i.i.q)

Tawaf Al Widaa ()
The 'Tawaf of Farewell'. The Tawaf of the Holy Ka'aba that every visitor to Makka should do before leaving Makkah. It should be connected directly to the trip of departure, and whoever is delayed and stays on afterwards should do it again. (i.i.q)

Tawaf al-ifada ()
The tawaf of the ka'ba that the pilgrims must perform after coming from mina to makka on the 10th of dhu'l-hijja. it is one of the essential rites of hajj. (t.p)

Tawaf Al-Ifadah ()
The Tawaf of the Ka'abah by the Hujjaj (pilgrims) after they come from Mina to Mekkah on the 10th of Dhu'l-Hijjah. This Tawaf is one of the Rukn (essential rites) of the Hajj. (i.i.q)

Tawaf Al-Qudum ()
The 'Tawaf on Arrival', the Tawaf of the Ka'abaH that the pilgrim must do on first entering the Mesjid al-Haram in Mekkah. It is one of the essential rites of both the Hajj and an Umra. (i.i.q)

Tawaf al-qudum ()
Tawaf of arrival in makka (fard among the malikis). (t.p)

Tawaf al-waft' ()
The farewell tawaf done just before the pilgrim leaves makka. (t.p)

Tawaf az-ziyara ()
"The tawaf of the visit", another name for the tawaf al-ifada. (t.p)

Tawajjuhat ()
Unceasing divine favours, the fundamental premise that divine knowledges are renewed constantly, and while the forms appear the same, in fact they are renewed in every instant. (t.p)

Tawajud ()
Simulated ecstasy - to be avoided. (t.p)

Tawakkul (tawakhul)
Reliance, unshakeable trust in Allah, the final stage of which is to be like the corpse in the hands of the washer. it is trusting absolutely that Allah will be just and merciful and provide for his servants. (t.p)

Tawakkul (tawakhul)
Confidently putting one's trust and reliance in Allah. it is the realisation that Allah provides for you. (t.p)

Tawali` ()
The appearance of the splendours of knowledge of tawhid in the heart which are so intense that they obliterate any other knowledge. (t.p)

Tawallud ()
The generation of actions, the causal relationship between the action of the doer and the deed, posited by the mu `tazilites. (t.p)

Tawaqqu' ()
Anticipation. what man anticipates has appeared because whenever he anticipates something it has already manifested itself in him inwardly. whatever appears inwardly manifests in the outward. (t.p)

Tawaqquf ()
Conditionality; also the shiite position of stopping at a particular imam and believing in his concealment and return. (t.p)

Tawaqquf ()
Conditionality. (t.p)

Tawarruk ()
A form of sitting in the prayer with the left buttock on the ground and the left foot under the right thigh, emerging from under the right ankle, while the right foot is resting upright on the bottom of its toes with the heel up. the other form is iftirdsh. malik says that tawarruk is sunna in both tashahhuds while abu hanifa says that iftirash is sunna in both. (t.p)

Tawassul ()
To seek the assistance of a person of virtue in praying to Allah. (t.p)

Tawatur ()
The quality of being mutawatir. (t.p)

Tawatur ()
The quality of being mutawdtir. (t.p)

Tawba ()
Returning to correct action after error, turning away from wrong action to Allah and asking his forgiveness. (t.p)

Tawba ()
Returning to correct action after error, turning away from wrong action to Allah and asking his forgiveness. (t.p)

Tawbah (tow-bah)
Repentence, turning to God to seek forgiveness of sins or other wrong actions. Often a component of the personal prayer known as du'a. (c.i.e)

Tawfiq ()
Success given by Allah. (t.p)

Tawfiq ()
Success given by Allah. tawhid: the doctrine of divine unity. (t.p)

Tawhid ()
The doctrine of divine unity, unity in its most profound sense. (t.p)

Tawhid (tow-heed tawheed)
The doctrine of the "Oneness of God." This is a central tenet of Islam, upon which all other beliefs and doctrines are based. Acknowledging the Unity (Oneness) of God is the primary basis for salvation in Islam. (c.i.e)

Tawkid ()
Emphasis. (t.p)

Tawlid ()
"Generation", "natural production", for the mu `tazilites, the process by which correct reasoning produces knowledge. for the philosophers, it is by logical necessity (jab). for the maturidites, knowledge after correct reasoning is due to the custom established by Allah. (t.p)

Tawliya ()
Resale of goods with a discount from the original stated cost. (t.p)

Tawra ()
The torah, the divine revelation given to the prophet musa. (t.p)

Tawriya ()
Synonym of ta `rid. (t.p)

Tawsi'a ()
Flexibility, as takhfif. (t.p)

Tawus ibn kaysan ()
`Abdu'r-rahman ibn kaysan al-yamani. he was called tawus (peacock) because he was "the peacock of the qur'an reciters." he was a persian and the leader of the followers in being a proof of knowledge. he was righteous and ascetic. the authors of the sunan and others transmit from him. he died in makka and was buried in 106/724-5. he went on hajj forty times and prayed subh with the wudu' he had done for `isha' of the previous night for a period of forty years. (t.p)

Tayammum ()
Purification for prayer with clean dust, earth, or stone, when water for ghusl or wudu' is either unavailable or would be detrimental to health. (t.p)

Tayammum ()
Undefined.
(c.m.j.e)

Tayammum ()
Purification for prayer with clean dust, earth, or stone, when water for ghusl or wudu' is either unavailable or would be detrimental to health. (t.p)

Taylasan ()
A hooded stole. it was especially worn by the gddis and fuqaha', hence qadis were sometimes known as the arbab at tayalisa, `the people of the stoles',(t.p)

Taymiz ()
The age of discretion and understanding, at which a valid bequest can be made. (t.p)

Tazkiya ()
Compurgation, testing the reliability of a witness, cross-examination. (t.p)

Tazkiya ()
"Purification" in a moral and ethical sense, the continual psychological and moral process of purifying the soul of base qualities and desires. it is commanded in the qur'an in 91:7-10. (t.p)

Tekke ()
Turkish zawiya. (t.p)

Thabat ()
Steadfastness; possessing steadiness in battle or speech and selfrestraint. (t.p)

Thabit ()
"Firm", someone who is a competent transmitter. (t.p)

Thaman ()
Price. (t.p)

Thamaniyya ()
Currency. (t.p)

Thamud ()
A people to whom the prophet salih was sent, possibly a group of nabateans. mada'in salih is located at al-hijr in najd about 180 miles north of madina. the inscriptions on the tombs there date from 3 bc to 79 ce which are probably after the culture which once flourished there was destroyed. (t.p)

Thanawiya ()
Dualism. (t.p)

Tharid ()
A dish of bread, meat and broth, reported to be a favourite dish of the prophet. (t.p)

Thawab ()
Reward. muslims will be rewarded in the hereafter for all their pious actions which they have done in the world. the rewards which muslims will be given in the hereafter are called thawab. (t.p)

Thawab ()
reward of blessing.
(c.m.j.e)

Thayyiba ()
A woman who has been married. (t.p)

Thiqa ()
Someone who is trustworthy in transmission. (t.p)

Thiqa thabit ()
Someone who is very reliable, next in rank to a companion. (t.p)

Thubut ()
Latency (in respect of existence). (t.p)

Thumm ()
An eighth of a juz'. (t.p)

Tibb ()
Medicine. (t.p)

Tijaarah ()
Trade. Act of buying and selling. (i.i.q)

Tijaniya ()
A widespread tariqa in the maghrib founded by abu'l-`abbas ahmad at-tijani (d. 1230/1815) in fes. he said that he received the command to found the tariqa in a vision of the prophet. they are exclusivist, not allowing people to join any other tariqa, and advocate complete submission to the government, whatever it is. (t.p)

Tijara ()
Commerce, trade. (t.p)

Tilawa ()
Recitation of the qur'an. (t.p)

Torah (tow-rah)
Arabic name for the holy book revealed to Prophet Moses thousands of years ago. For Muslims, the Torah was a scriptural precursor to the Qur'an, just as Moses was a predecessor of Muhammad in the history of divinely revealed monotheism. (c.i.e)

Torah ()

the Revelation that Allah sent down to Moses. It is the Jewish Holy Book
(c.m.j.e)

Tu`am ()
Foodstuffs. (t.p)

Tuba ()
A state of blessedness in the garden. (t.p)

Tuba ()
A state of blessedness in the garden. (t.p)

Tubba' ()
A south arabian people, probably the himyarites, of whom this was the title of their kings. (t.p)

Tuhfat al-muhtaj ()
By ibn hajar al-haytami (d. 974/1567), a commentary on the minhaj at-talibin by an-nawawi. it is one of the main authoritative shafi`i texts. (t.p)

Turuq ()
The plural of tariqa. (t.p)

Turuq ()
(Plural of tariq): means or paths of transmission. (t.p)

Turuq an-nazar ()
Methods of investigation. (t.p)

Tuwa ()
The valley in which Allah spoke to musa. (t.p)

 

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Alphabetical Entries Indexed For Arabic-English Dictionary Of Sheikh Adelabu (Ph. D. Damas) :: ألفبيات مادّات مفهرسة للقاموس العربي الإنجليزي للشيخ أديلابو - دكتوراه من دمسق

                       

مباني الكلمات على الألف الفعلية من الأفعال والمصادر المصروفة ومن مجردّات الأفعال ومجرّدات الأسماء وغيرها

أ »» إِئْتِمَانِيَّة أَب »» أَبْيَض أَتَى »» أَتْيَس أثُّ »» أَثِيم أَج »» أَجْيَد
أَح »» إِحْيَان إِذ »» أُذَيْنَة أَرَى »» أَرِيكَة أَخ »» أَخْيَمَ أَز »» إِزِّيَان
أَد »» أَدِيم أَس »» إِسْتِخْوَال إِسْتَدَّ »» إِسْتِضْلاَل إِسْتَطَاب »» إِسْتِكْوَاء إِسْتَل »» إِسْتِيمَان
أَسْجَى »» أُسَيْلِم أَشَائِم »» أَشْيَم أَص »» أَصِيلَة أَضَاءَ »» أَضْيَك أَط »» أَطِيط
أَظْأَر »» إِظْهَار أَعَادَ »» أَعْيَن أَغَابَ »» أَغْيَن أَف »» أَفْيُون أَقَاء »» أُقَيْحِيَانَة
أَكَادِيد »» أَكِيل أَل »» أَلِيم أَم »» أَمْيَه أَن »» إِنْخِنَاق أَنَد »» إِنْضِوَاء
أَنَطّ »» إِنْكِمَاش أَنْمَى »» أَنِين أَه »» أَهْيَم أَو »» أَوْهَنَ إِيْهَان »» أَيْهَم
                       

مباني الكلمات على التاء الفعلية من الأفعال والمصادر المصروفة ومن مجردّات الأفعال ومجرّدات الأسماء وغيرها

ت »» تَأَيُّد تَب »» تَبَيُّن تَتَابَع »» تَتَوُّق تَثَائَبَ »» تَثْنِيَة تَجَابَّ »» تَجَيُّف
تَحَابَّ »» تَحَيُّن تَخَّ »» تَخَيُّم تَدَابَر »» تَدَيُّيُن تَذانَب »» تَذَيُّل تَرَّ »» تَرِيكَة
تَزَابَنَ »» تَزَيُّن تَسَائَلَ »» تَسَيُّف تَشَائَم »» تَشَيُّم تَصَائَى »» تَصَيُّف تَضَائَلَ »» تَضَيُّق
تَطَابَق »» تَطَيُّن تَظَارَفَ »» تَظَنُّن تَعَاتَبَ »»  تَعَيُّن تَغَابَى »» تَغَيُّم تَفَّ »» تَفَيْهُق
تَقَى »» تًقَيُّن تَكَّ  »» تَكَيُّف تَلَّ »» تَلَيُّن تَمَّ »» تَمِيمَة تُن »» تَنِّين
تَهَاتَرَ »» تَوَاؤُم تَوّاب »» تَوَيُّل تَيَّار »» تُيُوقِرَاطِيَّة  
                       

مباني الكلمات على الميم المصدرية الفاعلية والمفعولية من الأفعال الألفية

مُبيئ »» مُبْيَضَّ مُتِّي »» مُتِّهَم مُثيب  »» مُثِّنِي مُجيئ »» مُجْهِم مُحيب »» مُحْيِن
مُخيب »» مُخْيَم مُدِّي »» مُذيب مُذَاب »» مُذْيَل مُرِي »» مُرْيِف مُزيت »» مُزِّيَن
مُسيئ »» مُسْتِخْوَل مُسْتَدَّ »» مُسْتِغْيَل مُسْتَفّ »» مُسْتِكْوِي مُسْتَلَّ »» مُسْتَيْمِن مُسْجِي »» مُسْوَغ
مُشيب »» مُشوَك مُصيب »» مُصِّيَّف مُضيئ »» مُضْوِي مُطيئ »»  مُطْيَب مُظْأِر »» مُظْهَر
مُعيد »» مُعْيَل مُغيب »» مُغْيِم مُفيئ »» مُقَاس مُقيل »» مُقْوَل مُكْأِب »» مُكهِم
مُلِيح »» مُلْيَل مُمِيئ  »» مُمْوَه مُنيئ »» مُنْخِنَق مُنَدَّ »» مُنْضِوِي مُنْطَاد »» مُنْكِمَش
مُنْمِي »» مُنْوَك مُنْثِي »» مُنْوَك مُهيب »» مُوقَن مُومِن »» مُونَع  
                       

مباني الكلمات على الميم المصدرية الفاعلية والمفعولية من الأفعال التائية

مُتَآج »» مُتَأَوُّه مُتَآجَّ  »» مُتَأَوُّه مُتَبَائِس »» مُتَتَابِع مُتَتَرِّب »» مُتَتَوُّق مُتَثَائِب »» مُتَثَنٍّ
مُتَجَاب »» مُتَجَيِّف مُتَحَابَّ »» مُتَحَيِّن مُتَخَابِث »» مُتَخَيِّم مُتَدَابِر »» مُتَدَيِّن مُتَذَائِب »» مُتَذَيِّل
مُتَرَائِي »» مُتَرَيِّق مُتَزَابِن »» مُتَزَيِّن مُتَسَائِل »» مُتَسَيِّف مُتَشَائِم »» مُتَشَيِّم مُتَصَائِي »» مُتَصَيِّف
مُتَضَائِل »» مُتَضَيِّق مُتَطَابِق »» مُتَطَيِّن مُتَظَارِف »» مُتَظَنُّن مُتَعَاتِب »» مُتَعَيِّن مُتَغَابِي »» مُتَغَيِّم
مُتَفَاؤُل »» مُتَفَيِّل مُتَقَابِض »» مُتَقَيِّن مُتَكَاب »» مُتَكَيِّف مُتَلِّي »» مُتَلَيِّن مُتَمَاتِن »» مُتَمَيِّل
مُتَنَائِي »» مُتَنَيِّق مُتَهَاتِر »» مُتَهَيِّم مُتَوَائِم »» مُتَوَيِّل مُتَيَاسِر »» مُتَيَمُّن  
                       

The materials provided here are ONLY extracts of Arabic-English Dictionary Of Sheikh Adelabu (Ph. D. Damas).  Fully edited versions and better formats are available upon written requests from awqafafrica.com and Awqaf Africa Muslim Open College, London.

Conjugal Formulas :: الموازن الصرفية

                       
 

Conjugal Verbus (Verb Formulas) :: موازن الفعليات

 

Conjugal Nomen Verbi (Verbal Noun Formulas) :: موازن المصدريات

Conjugal Agentis (Active Noun Formulas) :: موازن الفاعليات

Conjugal Patentis (Passive Noun Formulas) :: موازن المفعوليات

Conjugal Cognitus (Cognitive Formulas)  :: موازن المجردات

                       

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