His Company Gives Its Employees A Christmas Bonus: Entering Into Business Partnership With Kuffars

Islamic Rulings - Living Shariah Verdicts

Islamic Questions & Answers

I live in the u.s. and am employed with a retail clothing company that has two end-of-year traditions effecting its employees.
1. Issuance of a "christmas" bonus in an amount determined by salary and company sales performance.
2. An allotment of $50 to be used for, or towards a "holiday" meal of their choosing.
Are these actions considered unacceptable gifts?.

Praise be to Allaah.

There is nothing wrong with a company giving its employees bonuses or gifts, whether in the form of cash, coupons or specific gifts. But if the gift is connected to Christmas and is a kind of celebration or congratulations on the occasion of that festival, it is not permissible to accept it, because it is a kind of honouring their festivals and approving of them, and helping them in their falsehood. This has been discussed previously in the answer to question no. 82860.

There is nothing wrong with the employee eating at the restaurant chosen by the company so long as there are no evils involved that the employee cannot denounce or remove, such as drinking alcohol, music, dancing and so on, in which case it is not permissible for him to go there unless he is compelled to do so.

And Allah knows best.

Ruling on Muslim entering into business partnership with Christians and others

Is it permissible for a Muslim to enter into a partnership with a Christian in order to raise sheep or deal in them or any other kind of business?.

Praise be to Allaah.

With regard to a Muslim entering into a partnership with a Christian or any other non-Muslim in raising livestock or farming or anything else, the basic principle is that it is permissible so long as it does not involve too close a friendship, and it is only cooperation in some kind of wealth such as agriculture, livestock and so on. A number of the scholars said that that is permissible provided that the Muslim himself is in charge of the business, i.e., he himself is in charge of running the venture in agriculture or raising livestock, and the kaafir should not do that, because he is not to be trusted.

This is subject to further discussion. If this partnership will lead to too close a friendship or doing that which Allah has forbidden or failing to do that which Allah has enjoined, then this partnership is haraam because of the corruption to which it leads. But if it will not lead to any of those things and the Muslim is the one who is in charge, and he is the one who will take care of it so that he would not be cheated, then there is nothing wrong with that.

But whatever the case, it is better to avoid such partnerships and to enter into partnerships with his Muslim brothers rather than others, so that he will keep his religious commitment and his wealth safe, because entering into a partnership with one who is an enemy to him in religious terms poses a danger to his morals, religious commitment and wealth. So it is better for the believer in every situation to keep away from such matters, so as to protect his religious commitment, to protect his honour, to protect his wealth and so as to avoid betrayal by one who is an enemy to him in religious terms, except in cases of necessity when there is a need for that, in which case there is nothing wrong with it, subject to the conditions mentioned above, namely that it should not cause any harm to his religious commitment, honour or wealth and on condition that he should be in charge, because that is safer for him. So the kaafir should not be in charge; rather the Muslim should be in charge of the business or a Muslim should act on his behalf.

End quote.

Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn Baaz (may Allah have mercy on him)

Fataawa Noor ‘ala al-Darb, 1/294.


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