The Girl's Guardians Are Asking For Advice: Should They Agree To Let Her Marry A European Who Has Recently Become Muslim? Is It Permissible To Correspond With One's Fiancée Via E-mail?

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My daughter is at university, in the seventh year of medicine, and she is twenty-five years old. She has a friend who is married to an Algerian in Germany; they are both Algerian. This couple met a German businessman who said that he had become Muslim. He is fifty-one years old, divorced with two children, and he is looking for a religiously committed Muslim woman. He asked this couple for help and advice, and my daughter's friend told him about my daughter. He contacted her via the Internet and tempted her with the offer of everything she is looking for, including completion of her specialised studies overseas. My daughter was impressed with this idea, and hastened to suggest it to the family. After studying the matter, we – her family – found the following problems:
- We do not know anything about whether his Islam is genuine.
- We do not know anything about his character.
- We do not know anything about his true origins.
- We do not know anything about his true intentions.
- There is no compatibility in age.
- There is no compatibility in social environment.
- Our daughter's children will not be Arabs.
- He can find what he wants in Germany.
This is as far as he is concerned; as far as our daughter is concerned, we can sum it up as follows:
- There is no worry about the girl's future, seeing that she is a doctor.
- Alternatives are available in her own country, as there are plenty of young Algerian men
- Preservation of Islamic and Arabic values is a religious obligation.
Hence our family decided to seek your advice so that you can give us the shar‘i opinion on this matter; perhaps we have neglected some shar‘i aspect of the matter.

Praise be to Allaah.

Although we appreciate your daughter telling her family about this man's offer and what he has promised her, we do not approve of her corresponding with and talking to a man who is not her mahram. Although she may have been wise and mature – praise be to Allah – there are many other girls who have fallen victim to such correspondence.

After thinking about what you have told us about your daughter and about that German man, we strongly advise you not to accept him as a husband for your daughter. The points you have listed are sufficient for a ruling of this type. The shar‘i prescription that the guardian should play a fundamental role in the marriage contract is supremely wise, lest the girl follow her whims and desires and accept any sweet talk that may make her build up false hopes. The proof of that is that you did not want to base your judgement solely on what you felt about this man; rather you also hastened to submit a question to this website. This indicates – in sha Allah – that you are a family that is fit to be in this position of responsibility, as you are trying sincerely to protect your daughter.

The Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) advised guardians to choose those who are good and righteous to marry the females under their guardianship, namely those who are pleasing in terms of religious commitment and character. It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: "If there comes to you one with whose attitude and religious commitment you are pleased, then marry (your daughter or female relative under your care) to him, for if you do not do that there will be fitnah in the land and widespread corruption."

Narrated by at-Tirmidhi, 1084; Ibn Maajah, 1967; classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh at-Tirmidhi.

A man said to al-Hasan: I have a daughter; to whom do you think I should give her in marriage? He said: Gave her in marriage to one who fears Allah, may He be exalted, for if he loves her he will honour her, and if he resents her he will not mistreat her.

How can you find out this man who wants to marry your daughter? Here we should point out that he may really be a Muslim, and he may be sincere in his wishes, but you do not know any of that, or anything else, about him. If we assume that it has confirmed to you that he is a sincere Muslim, the other things that you mention after his being Muslim are also sufficient to rule that he is not suitable to marry your daughter. And among these things, it is sufficient that she would be living in a non-Muslim country, and she would be studying and working in their environment and in their country, which gives rise to fear for her religious commitment and morals. Usually the differences of environments, languages and natures has a negative impact, which leads to failure of the marriage in many cases.

Hence we agree with you completely that you should reject this marriage, and we advise your daughter to forget about accepting this man as a husband. She should understand that the opinion of her family and those who have more knowledge than she does about men and environments should, beyond any shadow of a doubt, take precedence over her opinion. She should ask her Lord to choose for her the best of righteous men to be her husband, so together they can establish a family based on obedience to Allah and raise – in sha Allah – righteous children.

We ask Allah, may He be exalted, to guide her to the best of words, deeds and attitudes, and to bless her with a righteous husband and righteous offspring.

And Allah knows best.

Is It Permissible To Correspond With One's Fiancée Via E-mail?

Is it allo wed to send emails to your fiance during engagement to agree about certain things before the wedding with her parents knowing about it and reading each email that I send to her?.

Praise be to Allaah.

There is nothing wrong with corresponding with your fiancée in order to agree on matters to do with the wedding, if that is done with the knowledge and supervision of her parents, and it is free of any expressions of love that are not permissible between a man and a non-mahram woman. It is well known that the man is a "stranger" (non-mahram) to his fiancée until the marriage contract is done.

It makes no difference whether this correspondence is done via e-mail or regular mail, or over the telephone, but it is better if the correspondence and conversation is with her guardian only.

Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan (may Allaah preserve him) was asked about a man speaking to his fiancée over the phone – is that permissible according to sharee'ah or not?

He replied:

There is nothing wrong with a man speaking to his fiancée over the phone, if that is after they have agreed to marry, and the conversation is in order to discuss different issues and is done only as much as is needed, and there is no fitnah involved. If that is done through her wali (guardian) that is preferable and less dubious.

End quote from al-Muntaqa, 3/163

And Allaah knows best.


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