If A Woman's Nifaas Ends Before Forty Days, She Should Do Ghusl And Pray And Fast
The Awqaf -
My wife gave birth around the 15th of Sha'baan.
Is it permissible for her to pray, fast, do ‘umrah,
read Qur'aan and do all other duties prescribed in
Islam when the nifaas (post-partum bleeding) stops and
she is sure of that, or should she wait for 40 days as
some people say?.
Praise be to Allaah.
The majority of scholars, including the four imams,
are of the view that there is no minimum limit for
nifaas. Whenever a woman becomes pure from nifaas, she
has to do ghusl and pray and fast, even if that is
before forty days have passed since the birth. Because
no precise definition has been narrated in sharee'ah
with regard to the minimum length of nifaas, so the
matter should be based on experience, which shows that
nifaas may be very short or it may be long. - Ibn
Qudaamah in al-Mughni, 1/428. Some of the scholars
narrated that there was consensus on this point. Al-Tirmidhi
(may Allaah have mercy on him) said: The scholars
among the companions of the Prophet (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him), the Taabi'een and
those who came after them are agreed that a woman in
nifaas should stop praying for forty days, unless she
sees that she has become pure before that, in which
case she should do ghusl and pray.
See al-Majmoo' by al-Nawawi, 2/541.
Shaykh Ibn Baaz (15/195) was asked: is it permissible
for a woman in nifaas to pray, fast and do Hajj before
forty days if she becomes pure (i.e., if the bleeding
He replied: yes it is permissible for her to fast,
pray and do Hajj and ‘umrah, and it is permissible for
her husband to have intercourse with her within forty
days, if she becomes pure. If she becomes pure after
twenty days, she should do ghusl and pray and fast,
and she is permissible for her husband. The report
from ‘Uthmaan ibn Abi'l-Aas which says that he
regarded that as makrooh is to be understood as
meaning disliked but not forbidden; this is his
ijtihaad, but there is no evidence for that.
The correct view is that there is nothing wrong with
that if the woman becomes pure before forty days. If
the bleeding resumes within forty days, then the
correct view is that she should regard it as nifaas
within the forty-day period, but her fasts, prayers
and Hajj at the time when she was pure are still valid
and she does not have to repeat any of them, so long
as they were done when she was pure.
It says in Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa'imah (5/458):
If a woman in nifaas sees that she has become pure
before forty days are over, then she should do ghusl
and pray and fast, and her husband may have
intercourse with her.
The Standing Committee (10/155) was asked about a
woman who gave birth seven days before Ramadaan, then
she became pure and fasted Ramadaan. They replied: If
the matter is as described and she fasted Ramadaan at
a time when she was pure, then her fast is valid and
she does not have to make it up.